Following to the conclusion of INGOS project, financed from UE and developed from research institutes come from fourteen countries participant, the scientists have been able to improve the capacity of observation of Europe in order to register the emissions of greenhouse gases other than CO2 emissions.
Although there are now many well-established methods to register the industrial emission of CO2, it has proven that it’s more difficult measure the contributions from others potentially noxious gases emissions, for example methane and nitric oxide.
Previously it was possible make only reasoned calculations related to the exact quantity of these gases’ emissions, due to the fact that they come from very different sources that range from landfill’s to alimentary production sites.
In order to meet this challenge, INGOS project implements a stations network so as to observe the intere Europe atmosphere, this is an instrument to take in a specific way and put together the collection of datas of these gases, and realize a cross-reference between the datas.
The infrastructure project works for a measurements standardization, for a observation plots enhancement in order to transform them in super sites, to make possible the capacities development of the new EU Member States, and for the preparation to integration with other already operative or now in a organization process networks (for example ICOS, the same for the carbon of INGOS).
This sophisticated observation system, that produces datas that make possible the “hot spots” localization originating the emissions, enables a complete comprehension of how these gases affect the ecosystem and of how these contribute in the complex to the greenhouse gases emissions.
The observation plots have been redesign in order to show new potential greenhouse gases, even if they are emitted in very low level of concentration. INGOS has already succeeded in identifying a lot of new gases that were not known before, or that were recently introduced on market (as means to substitute some traditional industrial gas). This is possible through the sensitivity of the observation network that is able to detect also the smallest emissions concentrations.